The Ayurvedic herb, Ashwagandha, has gained popularity due to its suggested impact on improving the body's stress response. Recent research suggests increased alertness by reducing feelings of fatigue, promoting temporary cognitive improvement, and maintaining healthy cortisol levels.*
Bacopa is an Ayurvedic herb that has enjoyed centuries of traditional use. Recent research suggests Bacopa may be beneficial for improving cognition and memory formation, nervous system health and communication, and supporting the protective systems in the brain.*
Asian Ginseng, also known as Panax Ginseng, is one of the more popular and widely-used herbs. In addition to its many traditional uses, Asian Ginseng has been suggested to improve feelings of calmness, mood and memory.*
N-Acetyl-L-tyrosine is an acetylated form of L-tyrosine, an amino acid that converts into L-dopa, a powerful precursor to excitatory neurotransmitters dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. Norepinephrine and adrenaline may help to reduce effects from acute stressors and, along with dopamine, help to support motivation and a positive mood, enhance focus, and mental alertness.* The "acetylation" helps improve the bioavailability of this already powerful amino acid.
L-Theanine is a unique, non-dietary amino acid found naturally in tea. L-theanine converts readily to GABA and glutamate, two neurotransmitters that can impart a relaxing effect without sedation. It is this latter effect that makes L-theanine a popular daytime supplement to help promote relaxation while simultaneously maintaining alertness and promoting cognition.*
Caffeine is a commonly-used stimulant known for promoting more energy, greater alertness, and enhanced mental function.* The main mechanism of action is caffeine's antagonizing effect on adenosine receptors. Adenosine is a naturally-produced chemical in the body that signals fatigue when it binds to receptors in the brain. By binding to adenosine receptors, caffeine helps prevent this fatigue signal and promotes alertness and wakefulness.* This inhibitory effect of adenosine also works to favorably influence catecholamine systems.
Black Pepper Fruit Extract (BioPerine®)
Piperine is an active constituent found in black pepper. BioPerine® is a specific and standardized extract of black pepper containing 95% piperine. Research suggests that when BioPerine is co-administered with other nutrients like herbals, amino acids, and vitamins, the bioavailability of those nutrients is enhanced.*
Vitamin B6 (as Pyridoxal-5-Phosphate)
Pyridoxial-5-Phosphate is the more active form of Vitamin B6, a co-factor involved in an array of biological processes. B6 also functions as a catalyst in over 100 enzymes, including those involved neurotransmitter function and energy metabolism.*